On the occasion of the 56th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, France and Germany signed a new bilateral agreement: the Treaty of Aachen. But the formula that Germany and France will reach an agreement and that the other states will follow them no longer works. The way European policy is conducted has changed in the face of major crises and internal deadlocks such as Brexit,” she added. The Treaty of Aachen, officially a treaty of Franco-German cooperation and integration, also known as the Treaty of Aachen, treaty of Aachen, is a bilateral agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic that came into force on 22 January 2020, one year after its signing.  It was signed on 22 January 2019 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron in the coronation hall of the town hall in Aachen. A veritable “geopolitical miracle” after centuries of Franco-German rivalry and conflict, this historic agreement has created a new basis for relations between the two countries. It provided for regular consultations between France and West Germany on all important issues in the areas of foreign policy, defence, education and youth, with regular summits between heads of state and government, ministers and senior officials. The 2019 Treaty aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation and prepare both countries and the European Union (EU) for the challenges of the 21st century. Finally, it is equally important that more down-to-earth subjects poison the relationship and get in the way of these major themes.
Thus, exports of armaments, especially materials developed and built together, remain a huge stumbling block in Franco-German affairs. The new Treaty certainly says that the two countries will develop a “common approach” to this – but they are not there yet. The Franco-German Defence and Security Council would be well advised to consider two options: a government agreement on export control criteria or a list of eligible client countries; or the creation of a common authority to decide on export applications. “A Franco-German axis that wanders around other Member States to bring EU affairs together is exactly what we fear will end when the UK announces its intention to leave the country” – Czech MEP Jan Zahradil Second, and how should the ambition of European defence cooperation immediately follow? This is the debate on Europe`s strategic autonomy, even if the term is misleading: strategic independence from the United States is illusory and is not on the agenda anyway. However, given the more instrumental adoption of transatlantic security cooperation expected by the United States, the question arises as to what Europeans can bring to these relations and thus strengthen transatlantic security ties. As two post-Brexit heavyweights in the EU, France and Germany must play a key role in this debate. It is of the utmost importance to find answers to these questions. Similarly, it is essential that Europeans – and again France and Germany, in particular because of their role as the driving force behind European integration – take a more strategic approach to a number of other challenges. These include their relations with Russia and China.
But Macron`s proposals for a deeper EU have received only lukewarm support, including in Germany, where there are fears that too many concessions to the EU could lead the far-right AfD to gain strength. So Macron needs success. “In eastern Germany, there are hundreds of places where the European spirit of a place – genius loci – is felt as strongly as in Aachen, Paris or Berlin, and where millions of people whose hearts beat for Europe, a Europe of mutually supported and equal nations, “said Mr Tusk, who spoke in Polish, just to make sure that no one misses his point.